On Wednesday Romania's Defence Minister Angel Tilvar had acknowledged for the first time that pieces of a drone had fallen on Romania, a NATO member state. It was unclear however if the government had determined when or from where the drone was launched, and Tilvar said the debris didn't pose a threat.
Russian forces have been bombarding Ukrainian ports just across the Danube River which marks part of the border, and have repeatedly used drones to do so.
Moscow aims to disrupt Ukraine's ability to export grain to world markets with a sustained campaign of attacks targeting Ukrainian Danube ports, and has attacked the port of Izmail four times this week, Ukrainian officials say.
Romanian President Klaus Iohannis has demanded an “urgent investigation." If the debris were confirmed to have been from a Russian drone it would be an “inadmissable” violation of Romania's sovereignty and territorial integrity, Iohannis said at the Three Seas Initiative summit in Bucharest this week.
If the drone pieces are confirmed to have been from a drone fired from Russia then it is possible it strayed off course.
Speaking at the EU parliament on Thursday, NATO Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg said that the 31-nation alliance has been informed by Romania about the finding of drone pieces and that the episode “demonstrates the risks of incidents and accidents.”
“We don’t have any information indicating any intentional attack by Russia and we are awaiting the outcome of the ongoing investigation,” Stoltenberg said.
But Ukraine's government has blamed Russia for violating Romanian airspace. An advisor to president Volodymr Zelenskyy tweeted that: "Russia allows itself to use the airspace of Romania and other neighbours to launch missile attacks on Ukraine for one reason only. Because there is silence."
Tilvar visited Plauru and nearby areas on Wednesday after confirming the drone findings to a local news channel, and Romania's Defence Ministry said he told local authorities there would be additional measures to secure “the airspace at Romania’s borders."
Daniela Tanase who lives in Plauru with her husband and son, told The Associated Press that the drone strikes on Izmail this week have woken her up, and that villagers “are scared" of the persistent Russian attacks.
“In the first phase (of the war) things were calmer, but now it has come to our territory,” she said. But added: “For now, we haven’t thought of leaving the area — we hope it will pass.”
Mircea Franc, the owner of a guesthouse in the area of Chilia Veche near Ukraine's Kiliia port in the Danube Delta region, said he’s seen “fireballs” in the sky this week on the other side of the Danube River and that it has left villagers shaken.
“Last night … there were drones cruising on the other side of the river and the day before yesterday there were many, they are the first in our area since the war started,” he said on Thursday. “The atmosphere in the village is indeed one of panic ... and the fear is worst at night.”
For Franc, the guesthouse owner, the close proximity of the war is already having a negative impact on his business since tourists are now “very reluctant to come here,” he said, adding that some local families have moved away from the area out of fear.
“We are worried because nobody can guarantee that (a drone) won’t fall on our side of the river,” he said. “For the last two nights, three-quarters of the village hasn’t been sleeping. Beyond trying to calm us down, the authorities can’t do much about it.”